The objective of the system is to recover all the wastewater that flows along the Bahr El-Baqar drain. It winds for 106 km, from the governorate of Dakahlia to Sharqia, and from the governorate of Ismailia to the governorate of Port-Saïd. The effluents that enter the drain during the flow come from Sinai households, industries and plantations in the region.
The plant handling the wastewater will have a capacity of 5 million m³/day, making it the largest in Egypt and one of the largest on the African continent. An additional $183 million went into the same project to optimize sewage. This mega project is being implemented through a joint venture with two private sector companies; the Arab Contractors and Orascom Construction. The project’s cost is estimated at $1.15 billion and aims to treat 5.6 million cubic feet of water per day, and reclaim 473,256 acres in the northern and central Sinai Peninsula.
Another major national project in Sinai, is the Water Desalination Plant for Eastern Port Said, that has reached 95% completion. The new plant is designed to fulfill the demand for water for various purposes, including drinking, agricultural, and industrial activities. The desalination plant will have a capacity of 150,000 cubic metres per day, with plans to be expanded in the future to a capacity of 250,000 cubic metres per day to serve about 500,000 people.
In September 2020, Al Mahmasa Water Reclamation Plan was awarded the ENR Global Best Projects Award in the Water/Wastewater category. The plant has the capacity to treat up to 1 million cu m of water a day and was built on 42,000 sq m of land and will irrigate up to 100,000 acres of land in central Sinai.