Championing Multilateralism

Partnerships to Accelerate the Goals

Egypt’s Story of Resilience is Singled out on the Global Stage

Partnerships and Advancing Multilateral Cooperation

From 2020 to 2023, the strength of partnerships emerged in all aspects of the Ministry of International Cooperation’s work with development partners, and since the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 and the global crises and challenges that followed, the Ministry of International Cooperation has worked to promote multilateral cooperation, with all partners, and engaging in intensive discussions and ongoing consultations to update strategies with development partners with the participation of relevant parties, based on three main factors that are consistent with global changes; inclusivity, green transition and the digital transformation.

Partnership with the United Nations: Leaving No One Behind

The Arab Republic of Egypt and the United Nations have a close and long-standing relationship dating back to the founding of the United Nations in 1945. It was one of the 51 founding member states of the United Nations, and has played a leading role in the organization ever since, and the country has also been a strong supporter of the United Nations’ development goals. In 2016, it launched its Vision 2030, which sets out long-term development goals for the country in line with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. 

After the successful implementation of the Strategic Framework for Partnership with the United Nations (UNPDF) 2018-2022, H.E. Dr. Rania A. Al-Mashat, Minister of International Cooperation, and Elena Panova, United Nations Resident Coordinator in Egypt, on May 9, 2023, signed the Strategic Framework for Cooperation between the Arab Republic of Egypt and the United Nations for Sustainable Development (UNSDCF) for the period 2023-2027, where the signing ceremony was witnessed by the Prime Minister, H.E. Dr. Mostafa Madbouly, a number of dignitaries, relevant ministers, representatives of international financial institutions, the private sector, civil society, the House of Representatives and the Senate, in addition to other entities.

The UNSDCF is a major tool for planning and implementing programs and development cooperation projects between the Arab Republic of Egypt and the United Nations in Egypt. Its time frame is consistent with Egypt's Vision 2030, national sector strategies, the cooperation framework for Egypt's sustainable development strategy, and the priorities identified in key policies, initiatives and international human rights conventions.

The preparation for this framework included a broad process of national consultations and coordination at the sector level over a period of nearly two years, led by the Minister of International Cooperation and the United Nations Resident Coordinator in Egypt, as co-chairs of the Steering Committee. The consultation process began since the launch of the road map in May 2021, and witnessed the participation of many parties, and many workshops were held, with all relevant parties, including more than 40 national partners, 28 international partners, the Permanent Mission of Egypt to the United Nations in New York, the private sector, development partners, and non-governmental organizations, which have a major role. In reaching all community groups most in need. Academia and think tanks.

By 2027, it is expected to achieve national development goals consistent with the Sustainable Development Goals through four strategic priorities included in the new framework. 

Download The United Nations Framework for Cooperation for Sustainable Development here.

Egypt's Cooperation with the World Bank Group

The Arab Republic of Egypt is one of the founding countries of the World Bank, and the third largest shareholder in the Middle East and North Africa region. The World Bank is one of Egypt's most important development partners, as it began supporting the development program in 1959. Since then, the World Bank has financed 175 projects, with a total of nearly $26 billion in many important sectors, including infrastructure, human capital, and public sector reforms. Providing services and developing the private sector, these projects work to build institutions and achieve economic reforms and sustainable development to ensure that future generations have the necessary tools for success and improve the quality of life for Egyptians.

Cooperation between the Arab Republic of Egypt and the World Bank is not limited to financing development. Rather, issuing diagnostic and analytical reports is one of the most prominent areas of cooperation between Egypt and the World Bank in order to develop clear visions for the economy and analyze the current situation.

During the past year, the Climate and Development Report (CCDR) was launched, which specifies the procedures At the level of policies and investment opportunities that, if implemented within 5 years, could lead to increasing the efficiency of use and allocation of natural resources, reducing the effects of climate change on citizens, companies, and business institutions, and enhancing Egypt’s ability to compete in global markets.

In line with the state’s vision and efforts to empower the private sector and expand the base of its participation in achieving development, work is being done with the institutions affiliated with the World Bank Group, namely the International Finance Corporation (IFC) and the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA), to enhance investments for the private sector in various priority development areas and enhance Green finance.

On March 21, 2023, the Board of Executive Directors of the World Bank Group approved a new Strategic Partnership Framework for Egypt for the fiscal years 2023-2027, consistent with the Egyptian Government’s Sustainable Development Strategy, “Egypt Vision 2030,” and the National Climate Change Strategy 2050. On May 8, the strategy was officially launched to begin a new chapter in our partnership for cooperation on various issues and areas of development to promote a comprehensive and sustainable future for the next five years.

Through the new strategic partnership framework, Egypt, in cooperation with the World Bank, is working to advance its national priorities and mobilize resources, technical expertise, and knowledge to implement targeted initiatives that will enhance infrastructure, education, health care, and job opportunities. This multilateral approach is effective in promoting comprehensive and equitable development, leading to social and economic development in Egypt and improving the quality of life for its citizens.

With a focus on citizens, the new Strategic Partnership Framework for 2023-2027 is a strategic document that outlines the World Bank Group’s support for Egypt’s development priorities over the next five years. The Strategic Partnership Framework focuses on three main areas:

(First) Increasing decent job opportunities in the private sector by creating and supporting an enabling environment for sector-led investments, which reflects positively on the availability of appropriate and sustainable opportunities for a competitive and empowered workforce capable of adapting to the requirements of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. (Second) Enhancing investment in human capabilities and improving human capital outcomes in all governorates by supporting and providing distinguished services without discrimination in different sectors, such as health, education, transportation, and housing, in addition to providing effective, comprehensive, and equitable social protection programs.

(Third) Strengthening resilience to shocks by improving macroeconomic management and enhancing capabilities to adapt to climate change, explaining that the framework includes two interconnected pillars to support those goals, namely empowering women and girls and enhancing participatory governance and transparency. 

European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)

At the beginning of 2022, the joint country strategy was launched between the Arab Republic of Egypt and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development for the period 2022-2027, with the aim of stimulating joint efforts with the Bank to support development through 3 pillars:

1- Supporting the country’s efforts to achieve comprehensive and sustainable economic growth.

2- Accelerating the transition towards a green economy.

3- Enhancing competitiveness, increasing growth rates, and stimulating the role of the private sector in development.

The bank’s investment portfolio within the framework of the partnership between the Arab Republic of Egypt and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development has exceeded about €10 billion in 163 projects since Egypt became a country of operations in 2012, and the private sector has accounted for 78% of these investments. For the past five consecutive years, from 2018 to 2022, Egypt was the largest country in terms of operations in the southern and eastern Mediterranean region, which reflects the importance of the partnership and its role in driving economic growth. 

Furthermore, the EBRD has contributed to diversifying Egypt's energy mix with a commitment to finance an additional 1.6 GW of installed renewable energy capacity and an expected reduction of 8,303 kilotonnes in CO2 emissions (equivalent to emissions resulting from the electricity use of approximately 1.4 million homes). Or the world consuming more than 17 million barrels of oil). 

European Investment Bank (EIB)

In light of the relationship with the European Union, a new partnership framework was developed with the European Investment Bank for the period 2021-2027, which enhances areas of joint cooperation, especially in the sectors of health, education, environment, energy, water treatment, transportation, agriculture, and supply, and stimulates joint work with the private sector, within the framework of the “Team Europe” initiative, through which it targets the European Commission and the European Union’s Neighborhood, Development and International Cooperation Instrument, with the aim of stimulating the green transition and enhancing sustainable development efforts.

The EIB is the only bank that represents the interests of EU countries, and works closely with other EU institutions to implement policies; The current cooperation portfolio with the European Investment Bank amounts to €3.5 billion to finance 20 development projects in various sectors, including the transport and sanitation sectors.

The Ministry of International Cooperation, in coordination with national authorities, is working to implement the new cooperation strategy 2021-2027 in priority areas. The new strategy is of great importance for Egypt to enhance the transition towards a green economy, especially in light of the European Investment Bank’s commitment to allocate investments for climate action and green recovery. In light of its selection as Europe's climate bank. The development financing that the Bank made available to the Egyptian private sector during the period from 2020 until the first half of 2023 amounted to about €2.36 billion, in various development fields, to empower the private sector and increase its role in achieving comprehensive and sustainable development, including €662 million in the first half of 2023. For banks, equity funds and private sector companies. The bank is also scheduled to make available, within the framework of the new strategy, about €4 billion for the NWFE program projects and other projects in Egypt. 

Cooperation with the European Union

Through cooperation between the Arab Republic of Egypt and the European Union, we are working to maximize the use of development financing to support national priority projects in various sectors, most notably: health and food security, sanitation and the environment, in addition to strengthening the partnership with the European Union in clean energy and green hydrogen.

The current cooperation portfolio with the European Union amounts to approximately €1.3 billion to finance several development projects in various sectors, including health, environment, wastewater treatment, clean and renewable energy, and gender equality.

The future cooperation document between Egypt and the European Union for the period 2021-2027 was approved in June 2022, to enhance cooperation between the two sides for the coming period. In light of this, the Ministry of International Cooperation chaired the subcommittees “Transport, Environment and Energy” and “Information and Communications Society, Scientific Research, Innovation and Education.” and Culture", in Luxembourg during the months of February and March 2023, to determine cooperation priorities during the coming period, based on existing cooperation with the European Union in the areas of renewable energy, environment, social protection, food security, water resources management, and sustainable transport. 


The ongoing development cooperation portfolio between the Arab Republic of Egypt and the Federal Republic of Germany amounts to approximately 1.6 €billion, through which 30 projects have been financed in the form of loans, technical support grants, and financial contributions. Many sectors have benefited from this portfolio, including energy efficiency, renewable energy, sanitation, and irrigation. Water support, solid waste management, migration, labor market, private sector innovation, technical education, vocational training, urban development, administrative reform, women, youth and social development.

Egyptian-German government negotiations were held under the chairmanship of the Ministry of International Cooperation in December 2022 to determine the future cooperation framework until 2024, through which development funds, grants and debt swaps worth €370.8 million will be made available to finance 16 development projects in the sectors: technical education, vocational training, and supporting innovation in the sector. Private sector, labor market, administrative reform, governance, urban development, energy efficiency, renewable energy, sanitation and agriculture. Among these funds, €258 million are scheduled to be allocated in the form of concessional development financing, grants and debt swaps to support the energy pillar within the NWFE programme.

The implementation of the debt swap program with Germany began in 2011 at a value of €240 million, and so far the first and second phases have been implemented, at a value of €160 million, and the third phase at a value of €90 million has been implemented. 

Cooperation with Italy

Bilateral cooperation relations between Egypt and Italy became active after the signing of the economic cooperation protocol between the two countries in 1975. The areas of cooperation vary in multiple fields, including infrastructure, health care, environment, small and medium enterprises, and medium industries. Egyptian-Italian cooperation is divided into bilateral cooperation, the Egyptian-Italian debt swap program, in addition to the goods import program.

Through joint cooperation mechanisms, Italy, under the bilateral cooperation program, provides grants and concessional development financing to Egypt. The bilateral cooperation portfolio between the two countries for ongoing projects amounts to about €42.9 million, in the following various fields, which constitute a priority between the two governments: trade and industry, developing small and medium enterprises, and supporting the agricultural sector, environment, cultural heritage, and education, in addition to social development, empowering women, and supporting the health sector.

Preparations are currently being made to begin implementing the “Supporting the Egyptian Private Sector” project, which is scheduled to be financed with soft financing worth €45 million for the benefit of the Ministry of Trade and Industry, and preparations are also being made to provide soft financing and grants within the framework of the bilateral cooperation program.

In addition, the debt swap program is one of the main programs for cooperation with Italy. The implementation of the first phase of the debt swap program for development with Italy, the first phase, began in 2001, during which 54 projects were implemented, and the second phase was signed in 2007 and witnessed the implementation of 32 projects. Then the third and final phase in 2012, during which a number of projects are being implemented. The total amount of the three phases is about $350 million. Through it, many projects have been implemented.

Last May, an agreement was signed to extend the work of the third tranche until 2024 with the Italian ambassador to implement many projects. At the top of these projects, in the food security sector, is the project “Establishing field silos and an information technology system for wheat management” at a value of 416.7 million pounds, and the second phase of the “Development of fish farming in Egypt” project at a value of 138.9 million pounds, and in the environment sector. Financing the third phase of the “Solid Waste Management in Minya Governorate” project at a value of 70.5 million pounds.

Egyptian-French relations

On May 30, 2022, the new country strategy between Egypt and the French Development Agency was launched until 2025, entitled “For Shared Prosperity,” with the aim of making the most of international partnerships and development financing to support the National Development Vision 2030. The French Development Agency is the culmination of a prosperous phase of joint relations, and the expanded dialogue that has taken place between the Agency and the Ministry of International Cooperation since the beginning of 2019, with the aim of supporting the government’s development priorities, and providing development financing and technical support for various projects.

The joint country strategy until 2025 aims to present a vision for the partnership capable of aligning the goals and priorities of the French Development Agency for North Africa 2020-2024, with the sustainable development priorities of the Egyptian government identified in Egypt Vision 2030, in addition to the priority areas that have been developed in the national strategic documents, including: This includes the Egyptian government’s work program for 2023-2027, the Africa Agenda 2063, and the “Decent Life” presidential initiative, as well as the 2030 UN Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Climate Agreement, which will stimulate the green transformation in Egypt. The strategy is being implemented in close coordination with Proparco, the private sector financing arm. For the group, and with Expertise France, which is responsible for technical cooperation.

During the visit of the French Minister of Economy and Finance, Mr. Bruno Le Maire, in June 2021, an agreement was signed between the Egyptian and French governments to contribute to financing priority development projects in Egypt, in light of the 2021-2025 strategy, with a value of €1.76 billion; Including €776 million from the French Treasury and €990 million from the French Development Agency.

It is worth noting that since the signing of the framework between the government and the French Development Agency in 2006, the agency has provided more than €3 billion in concessional development financing to the government and private sectors, in addition to €12.6 million in the form of grants. It also manages EU grants worth €150 million to finance projects in the environment, housing, energy, transport, agriculture, small and medium enterprises, health and monuments.

Moreover, the total economic cooperation portfolio between Egypt and France since 1974 until now has reached €7.5 billion, through more than 42 cooperation protocols in various sectors, including transportation, electricity, civil aviation, housing, sanitation, health, agriculture, irrigation, and small and medium enterprises. environment, antiquities, and basic and technical education, while the current development cooperation portfolio amounts to about €1.8 billion. 


Within the framework of Egyptian-Swiss cooperation, future projects are being discussed that enhance the state’s efforts in the sectors of technical and vocational training, as well as agriculture and food security. Switzerland has provided support efforts for refugees in Egypt in the wake of the crisis in Sudan, amounting to about $4.8 million.

Currently, talks are underway regarding a joint cooperation program between the Egyptian and Swiss sides for the period 2025-2028, which will continue along the lines of the current Swiss cooperation program 2021-2024, which addresses governance, human rights, green growth, youth skills development, protection issues, and migration. In this regard, the Minister of International Cooperation pointed out the importance of organizing sessions and workshops in coordination between the Ministry of International Cooperation and the Swiss Embassy that includes all concerned parties from both sides to discuss future cooperation programs and agree on priorities that meet development requirements, stressing the importance of strengthening national priorities related to the localization of industry and supporting the efforts of the health sector. and population within the framework of various national strategies.


The history of economic cooperation between the Arab Republic of Egypt and the Republic of Austria dates back to 1975 when the two countries signed an agreement for economic and technical cooperation. Following Austria's accession to the European Union, a new agreement for economic and technical cooperation was signed in 1996, within which two sessions of the Egyptian-Austrian joint committee were held in 2001 and 2005, and the two committees resulted in the signing of a protocol that includes the most important things that were agreed upon between the two parties regarding the development of economic and technical cooperation relations. And aspects of future cooperation.

On the sidelines of the Egyptian-Austrian Business Forum, which Cairo hosted in April 2023, Dr. Mostafa Madbouly, Prime Minister, and Karl Nehammer, Federal Chancellor of the Republic of Austria, witnessed the signing ceremony of a letter of intent regarding enhancing economic cooperation between Egypt and the Federal Ministry of Labor and Economy of the Republic of Austria, through The Joint Economic Committee, within the framework of the strong bilateral economic relations between Egypt and Austria, and the desire to increase economic cooperation. The letter of intent was signed by H.E. Dr. Rania A. Al-Mashat, Minister of International Cooperation, and Ambassador Peter Lönski Tiefenthal, Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of Austria.

United Kingdom

Within the framework of the close relations between Egypt and the United Kingdom, more than £50 million was provided during the period between 2016 and 2020 to support comprehensive and sustainable development in Egypt, in addition to guaranteeing a loan from the World Bank to Egypt worth $150 million. Support focuses on inclusive economic growth, education, youth, social development and regional cooperation; This includes £12 million to support basic education reforms in Egypt, targeting marginalized communities, according to the UK-Egypt Joint Statement on Economic Cooperation.

Furthermore, the UK is one of the largest investors in Egypt, having invested $48 billion across all sectors, including oil and gas, telecommunications, pharmaceuticals and fast-moving consumer goods. Egypt and the United Kingdom established the British Investors Forum to encourage investment in Egypt.

During the year 2023 in Sharm El-Sheikh, the Minister of International Cooperation met with the Minister for International Development and Africa of the United Kingdom, Andrew Mitchell, where they discussed developments in the Climate Finance Accelerator (CFA), which was launched in cooperation with the United Kingdom, in light of joint efforts to support emerging companies and innovative solutions in the field. Climate Action, worth 10 million pounds sterling, to advance climate action, and cooperate with governments in middle-income countries to stimulate increased climate financing, through joint work between financing providers, experts, and those concerned with climate action.

African Development Bank

During the activities of the second session of the Egypt- International Cooperation Forum (Egypt-ICF) in September 2022, the joint country strategy between the government and the African Development Bank 2022-2026 was launched, which comes within the framework of fruitful and extended cooperation between the two sides after a period of consultations that lasted over two years. With the aim of identifying priority areas for joint action to enhance regional integration, based on two main pillars:

Enhancing the competitiveness of the Egyptian economy to support private sector-led growth

Strengthening resilience in the food, water and energy security sectors

Since the launch of the new cooperation framework in 2022, the partnership between the two sides has been strengthened according to two main pillars as follows: -

The first pillar: Supporting the private sector through the Bank of Egypt, where a credit guarantee was provided to the Ministry of Finance to issue panda bonds in the Chinese yuan. The proceeds will be used to implement national projects targeting environmentally friendly projects

The second pillar: The electricity and green growth support program amounted to €83 million, the food security and economic resilience support program amounted to $271 million, the third phase of the Jabal al-Asfar wastewater treatment plant amounted to €110 million, and the financing of the second phase of preparing studies on the Mediterranean Sea and Lake Victoria amounted to $2 million.

United States of America

The continued cooperation with the United States Agency for International Development comes under the umbrella of the strategic partnership between the Arab Republic of Egypt and the United States of America, which extends over the past decades and whose results are reflected in the programs and projects implemented in many vital sectors, including basic education, higher education, health, and governance. Supporting small and medium enterprises, tourism and agriculture, and stimulating the private sector.

At the end of 2022, the Ministry of International Cooperation, with the United States Agency for International Development, signed grants worth $160 million, within the framework of joint economic relations between Egypt and the United States Agency for International Development, which enhances development cooperation in several fields, and is consistent with the state’s development vision. The agreements varied to serve the various sectors of the state, for example, the Egyptian-American Initiative for Higher Education, stimulating trade and investment in Egypt, developing agricultural and rural businesses and increasing income, in addition to the climate change initiative agreement worth $15 million, in addition to other agreements in the field of basic education and health.

Currently, a number of projects are being implemented in cooperation between the concerned authorities and the US Agency, and they are consistent with the presidential initiative for integrated development of the Egyptian countryside, “A Decent Life,” as 7 projects are being implemented in 17 governorates, out of 20 governorates targeted by the initiative, and the projects vary in the areas of water management solutions. Developing agricultural businesses in the Egyptian countryside, empowering women and supporting women entrepreneurs, the economic and social empowerment program for women, supporting literacy for children and mothers, and the family planning program.

It is worth noting that the development cooperation portfolio between the government and the United States Agency for International Development has amounted to about $1 billion since 2014, within the scope of which many projects and programs are being implemented in the fields of basic education, higher education, small and medium-sized companies, private sector support, tourism, and agriculture.


Since 1976, Egyptian-Canadian development cooperation relations have developed, with total aid and technical support over this period amounting to approximately CA$1.22 billion, including $567.6 million in the form of grants, and the remaining value as soft development financing.

In 2023, the Minister of International Cooperation, with Louis Dumas, the Canadian Ambassador to Cairo, signed a grant agreement worth CA$10 million, to enhance food security efforts and combat climate change through the project “Promoting climate-smart agriculture and agricultural biodiversity to support adaptive capacity in the most rural communities.” affected by climate changes in the old and new lands of the Nile Delta and Upper Egypt,” within the framework of integration with the Egyptian government’s efforts to implement the NWFE program, the pillar of the link between water, food, and energy projects. The project is scheduled to be implemented in cooperation between national bodies, including the Ministries of Environment, Agriculture and Local Development, the National Council for Women, and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).

A new phase of cooperation with Asia


The Arab Republic of Egypt and the People's Republic of China have a long-term historical relationship, as the two countries are among the most important, oldest and most ancient civilizations in the world, and the areas of development cooperation with the Chinese side are diverse at the level of soft development financing and technical support in various sectors.

Since 2014, Egyptian relations have witnessed an unprecedented boom based on the comprehensive strategic partnership agreement signed by Mr. President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi, President of the Arab Republic of Egypt, and the Chinese President, Mr. Xi Jinping, during the visit to the Chinese capital, Beijing, which is the agreement that regulates all aspects of bilateral relations between the two countries in various fields, especially economic, trade and investment.

The cooperation portfolio with the State of China amounts to about $1.7 billion to implement many projects in various development sectors, including electricity, health, education, vocational training, and others. During the year 2022, technical cooperation for capacity building and human resources development was strengthened with the Chinese side through the implementation of approximately 301 training programs in the fields of agriculture, trade, industry, electricity, communications, transportation, solidarity, health, planning, youth, sports, finance, culture and petroleum, as well as the Egyptian Space Agency, the General Investment Authority and the Suez Canal Authority.

In 2021, the Minister of International Cooperation and the Ambassador of the People's Republic of China to Cairo signed a new economic and technical cooperation agreement, within the framework of joint development efforts and strategic relations between the two countries. Through the new agreement, a number of development grants will be made available that will benefit priority sectors. In the country, to promote Egypt’s Vision 2030.

During the Ministry of International Cooperation’s participation in the International Action for Development Forum in China during the year 2023, several memorandums of understanding were signed that enhance the prospects for future cooperation with China, between the Minister of International Cooperation, H.E. Dr. Rania A. Al-Mashat, and the head of the Chinese agency, the following documents: -

Memorandum of Understanding “Global Development Initiative” to strengthen the Egyptian-Chinese partnership and work to formulate an integrated strategy for development cooperation between Egypt and China for a period of 3-5 years for the first time in light of the common relations between the two countries, including the areas and projects that will be implemented through the development cooperation program.

Signing cooperation documents to provide Chinese grants to supply equipment for mobile security vehicle systems to the Ministry of Transport, establishing a vocational training center in the Suez Canal Economic Zone, and preparing a feasibility study for the third level biosafety laboratory for the Ministry of Health.

Partnership with the New Development Bank (NBD)

The New Development Bank is a multilateral development bank established by the BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) in 2015 with the aim of promoting sustainable development and regional cooperation with investing in infrastructure projects in emerging economies. Since its establishment, the New Development Bank has approved financing for more than 90 projects with a total value of $32 billion. These projects have helped improve transportation, water supplies, energy and other infrastructure in developing countries.

In 2023, Egypt officially joined the bank along with other countries, joining the list of major emerging countries. In May 2023, the Minister of International Cooperation participated in the annual meetings of the New Development Bank (NBD), in its eighth session, which was held at its headquarters in Shanghai, China, under the slogan “Shaping a new era for global development,” in light of efforts to strengthen development cooperation relations with partners. Multilateral and bilateral development, and promoting the national development vision that is consistent with the United Nations 2030 Sustainable Development Goals.

Egypt's membership in the New Development Bank enhances the efforts made by the Egyptian government to promote development and achieve integration of efforts with emerging economies and developing countries, to mobilize the necessary resources to finance infrastructure and sustainable development projects.

The Minister of International Cooperation holds the position of Egypt's alternate governor in the New Development Bank, and Egypt's joining the bank reflects the commitment to working with international partners to promote development and an opportunity to discuss Egypt's development priorities with other leaders, and explore ways of cooperation in future projects.

Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)

Since its establishment, the Asian Bank has expanded its support for green, resilient and sustainable infrastructure sectors, and as a founding member from outside the continent of Asia, Egypt has launched comprehensive, strong and unique partnerships with the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank over a period of eight years, valuing the close partnership with the AIIB in implementing water and energy projects, within the NWFE program, which is a partnership that builds on the tireless efforts made since 2016.

The development cooperation portfolio of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank in Egypt amounts to about $1.3 billion, including $300 million in water management, $360 million to support the budget, €250 million to launch the Abu Qir electric metro, and $210 million to finance 11 private sector companies in Egypt. The field of renewable energy, and a $150 million credit line to the National Bank of Egypt.

In light of strengthening South-South cooperation, and complementing Egypt’s efforts to become a member of the New Development Bank, the formulation of a strategy for cooperation with Egypt is currently being discussed. toFinancing priority projects in the field of infrastructure in general, especially green projects and technological infrastructure, financing projects related to productive sectors and projects that enhance connectivity and communication between countries, and supporting and empowering the private sector.

South Korea

South Korea is considered one of Egypt's most important Asian development partners, as economic relations began in 1987. The size of the development cooperation portfolio amounts to $1.3 billion, including about $85 million in development grants through the Korean International Cooperation Agency (KOIKA) in the fields of higher education, intellectual property, and training. vocational, information technology, establishing an electronic system for government procurement, women’s economic empowerment, and combating violence; While soft development funds vary in the areas of railways, manufacturing of subway train cars, programs for transferring expertise and knowledge, and programs for developing the capabilities of government cadres.

In 2021, South Korea chose Egypt to be a strategic partner in the development cooperation plans during the period from 2022-2026, and during the visit of the Korean President to Egypt in early 2022, and his meeting with President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi, Egypt and South Korea signed a memorandum of understanding worth $1 billion within the framework of development cooperation. between the two countries for the period 2022-2026.

The strategic pillars for the next four years within the framework of cooperation between Egypt and South Korea are based on the following:

- Achieving macroeconomic stability, enhancing industrial competitiveness, and creating job opportunities.

- Achieving green growth, enhancing energy security, and reducing carbon emissions.

- Establishing innovation and knowledge exchange systems based on information infrastructure between the two countries.

- Raising the efficiency of the government apparatus and creating digital systems to improve the transparency of government work.

- Integrating adaptation and mitigation measures into government policies.

- Improving the efficiency of transportation networks and railway signaling systems.

- Improving the efficiency of vocational training and technical education in Egypt by increasing the number of graduates who are trained to become skilled workers.

Egyptian-Japanese Partnership

The first meeting of the Egyptian-Japanese Joint Committee was held in 1983, in Cairo, and joint relations witnessed a boom over the decades at all levels. A technical cooperation agreement was signed to implement general and specialized training programmes, workshops and scholarships, and the implementation of many Japanese grant and loan projects began in several sectors. Development, especially in the areas of health, agriculture, small and medium industries, renewable energy, electricity, and infrastructure.

Joint relations witnessed a qualitative leap during the era of President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi, as the late Japanese Prime Minister, Mr. Shinzo Abe, visited Egypt in 2015, followed by the visit of President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi to Tokyo in 2016, upon which advanced steps were taken to begin a new phase of bilateral relations. And launching several initiatives for joint cooperation in the fields of education, health, electricity and infrastructure.

Japan is one of the most important Asian development partners for Egypt, as the development cooperation portfolio includes more than 18 development projects in support of the government’s plan to achieve sustainable development goals, with a value of approximately $3.9 billion, from 2010 until now, in addition to many development grants in the fields of Health, education, energy, electricity, transportation, civil aviation, tourism, antiquities, irrigation, and education, in a way that supports sustainable economic growth, social inclusion, education development, human resources development, regional cooperation, and support of the national strategy to combat climate change.

Within the framework of the coordination role of the Ministry of International Cooperation to discuss ways to enhance the Egyptian-Japanese partnership through economic diplomacy efforts, an annual high-level policy dialogue is held between the Egyptian and Japanese sides to discuss proposals for future cooperation and technical cooperation, in line with the development pillars and Egypt’s Vision 2030, in In light of the role played by the Ministry of International Cooperation to coordinate between government agencies and multilateral and bilateral development partners.


Egyptian-Vietnamese relations go back to the 1960s, and in 1997 an agreement was signed to form a joint committee between the two countries to enhance economic cooperation. Vietnam is one of the founding members of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank.

The strength of relations between the two countries was evident in the visit of President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi to the Republic of Vietnam as the first visit by an Egyptian president in 2017, followed by the visit of the late President Tran Dai Quang to the Arab Republic of Egypt in 2018. The two visits were an affirmation of the strength and durability of relations and witnessed the signing of about 17 cooperation documents between the two countries. In the fields of investment, tourism, culture, energy, exports and other vital fields.

Last July, the Minister of International Cooperation held a session of discussions with the Deputy Prime Minister of the Republic of Vietnam, Tran Le Quang, during his visit to Egypt at the head of a high-level delegation in the first visit by officials from the Vietnamese government since the Corona pandemic, where the meeting witnessed a discussion of strengthening joint cooperation relations between the two countries in various fields. 

The visit reflects the endeavor to expand the scope of joint work between the two countries in all fields based on the strength and durability of the relations that began in 1963, as it coincided with the sixtieth anniversary of the start of diplomatic relations between the two countries, which constitutes an opportunity to move towards a new phase based on the development priorities of the two countries to enhance economic cooperation. Especially in light of the challenges faced by all countries of the world.