Joint Commissions

Egypt enjoys strong relations with Asian countries.  In the past, these relations took the form of united or closely coordinated stances towards major political issues. Today, they are reinforced by economic cooperation of mutual benefit.  Egypt has signed an economic and technical cooperation agreement with each of Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Mongolia, Vietnam, Nepal and Lao People's Democratic Republic. Egypt also concluded a technical and development agreement with Thailand. 

Owing to enhanced bilateral relations, Egypt has benefited much from Asian experience in different fields basically through the joint committee held between both sides. At the close of joint committee meetings, a joint statement is signed, which is deemed a cooperation framework agreement in different fields.  Other agreements, memorandums of understanding and executive programs are signed for developing economic cooperation.  MOIC undertakes coordination and has arranged for the meetings of joint committees held with Indonesia  and Mongolia  and Socialist Republic of Vietnam  and The Democratic People Republic of Korea .
Joint commissions are key mechanisms of activating bilateral economic and technical cooperation between Egypt and many Arab countries.  High commissions held on presidential levels is not the rule but this is the case with Morocco, which stepped up to the presidential level in 2004, while periodical joint commission meetings continue to be held on the prime ministers' level.  The custom is that joint high commissions are headed by the prime ministers of the two countries preceded by preparatory meetings at ministerial and expert levels.  Other committees are also held at ministerial levels in both countries, headed by either ministers of foreign affairs or international cooperation.
 
MOIC is responsible for preparing high joint commissions presided by the prime ministers of both countries.  The Egyptian Minister of International Cooperation chairs the Egyptian side of the ministerial preparatory committee preceding high commissions held with a number of Arab countries including United Arab Emirates  and Syria  and Jordan  and Sudan  and Tunisia  and Libya  and Yemen  and Lebanon  and Algeria . He also chairs several joint ministerial committees.
 
In most cases, high commissions are held annually upon the mutual agreement of both sides. High joint commission meetings help strengthening and consolidating cooperation in various fields, in addition to enhancing communications and calling for meetings between the officials of both concerned countries. Bilateral ministerial meetings are held on the margin of high commission meetings to boost and open up new horizons of cooperation and exchange experience, in addition to holding businessmen meetings on the margins of high commissions and ministerial committee meetings, which are considered as integral parts of the process of consolidating and reinforcing economic relations between Egypt and Arab states.

The bilateral cooperation through joint committees with:

Austria  and Greece  and Bulgaria  and Poland  and Russia  and Romania  and Hungary  and Albania  and Czech Republic  and Azerbaijan  and Georgia  and Armenia  and Ukraine  and Uzbekistan  and Slovenia  and Croatia  and Lithuania  and Latvia  and Kazakhstan  and Bosnia and Herzegovina  and Turkmenistan  and Cyprus  and Serbia  and Tajikistan  and Estonia

Egypt enjoys close relations with Latin American countries, especially those with high growth rates. Egypt has constantly sought to promote mutual investments with these countries, recognizing how they have had great weight and impact worldwide in the past few years.  Cooperation has thus developed greatly on political and economic levels, particularly in light of Egypt’s active role in reinforcing South-South cooperation. 
 
The common market among Latin American countries (Mercosur) is deemed the fifth greatest economic power in the world. Egypt signed the Free Trade Agreement with the Mercosur to be the first Arab and African state to have signed it. This reflects Egypt’s strong belief in the importance of reinforcing South South relations, especially that this Agreement opens up new horizons of cooperation between Africa and Latin America since Egypt has signed a free trade agreement with most African member states of the COMESA and with most Arab States as well. Therefore, the Free Trade Agreement with the Mercusor market serves as a bridge between the Middle East and Africa on one hand and Latin America on the other hand.  It is worth noting that signing this Agreement came as a development of the framework agreement signed between Egypt and the Mercosur in July 2004 and it crowns the six sessions of intensive negotiations between both sides for reaching a satisfactory agreement on strengthening and developing economic ties between Egypt and the Mercosur to include new fields.  The Agreement generally opens up new promising markets for Egyptian exports, especially that Argentina and Brazil are considered as the strongest growing economies worldwide, besides securing Egypt’s long term requirements of food products and attracting investments from the Mercosur area to Egypt in the sectors of industry, tourism and other sectors. 
 
Economic, financial and technical cooperation is witnessing great developments and Egypt is certainly benefiting from the Latin American experience in various fields via the economic, technical, scientific and financial agreements signed between Egypt and each of Cuba, Mexico, Venezuela, Brazil, Peru, Chili, Argentina, Colombia, Guatemala,  Panama and Uruguay.
 
On the other hand, bilateral cooperation is boosted through the convention of joint committees. MOIC is in charge of coordinating and preparing for the joint committee meetings with Cuba  and Venezuela .